快乐赛车网-快乐赛车网址多少

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                    电动汽车车载充电器Boost PFC AC/DC变换器设计
                    来源:合肥工业大学 | 作者:王源卿 李红梅 | 发表于:2015-12-08
                    随着能源危机、资源枯竭以及大气污染等危害的加剧,我国已将新能源汽车确立为战略性新兴产业,车载充电器作为电动汽车的重要组成部分,其研究兼具理论研究价值和重要的工程应用价值。采用前级 AC/DC 和后级 DC/DC 相结合的车载充电器结构框图如图1 所示。
                    随着能源危机、资源枯竭以及大气污染等危害的加剧,我国已将新能源汽车确立为战略性新兴产业,车载充电器作为电动汽车的重要组成部分,其研究兼具理论研究价值和重要的工程应用价值。采用前级 AC/DC 和后级 DC/DC 相结合的车载充电器结构框图如图1 所示。

                    车载充电器接入电网时,会产生一定的谐波,污染电网,同时影响用电设备的工作稳定性。为了限制谐波量,国际电工委员会制定了用电设备谐波限制标准IEC61000-3-2,我国也发布了国标GB/T17625。为了符合上述标准,车载充电器必须进行功率因数校正(PFC)。 PFC AC/DC 变换器一方面为后级 DC/DC 系统供电,另一方面为辅助电源供电,其设计的好坏直接影响车载充电器性能。


                    图1 电动汽车车载充电器结构框图

                    JIANYUCHUNDIANDONGQICHECHEZAICHONGDIANQIDUITIJI、XIEBOYOUZHEKEKEDEYAOQIU,BENSHEJICAIYONGYOUYUANGONGLVYINSHUXIAOZHENG(APFC) JISHU。APFC YOUDUOZHONGTUOPUJIEGOU,YOUYUSHENGYASHITUOPUJUYOUQUDONGDIANLUJIANDAN、PF ZHIGAOHEJUYOUZHUANMENKONGZHIXINPIANDEYOUDIAN,XUANQUBoostTUOPUJIEGOUDEZHUDIANLU。KAOLVGEZHONGJIBENKONGZHIFANGSHI,XUANQULEJUYOUXIEBOSHIZHENXIAO、DUIZAOSHENGBUMINGANHEKAIGUANPINLVGUDINGJISHUYOUSHIDEPINGJUNDIANLIUKONGZHIFANGSHI。

                    快乐赛车网-快乐赛车网址多少 BENWENZHENDUIGONGLVWEI2 kW DECHUNDIANDONGQICHECHEZAICHONGDIANQI,KAOLVXIEBOHANLIANG、TIJIJIKANGGANRAOXINGNENGDENGFANGMIANDESHEJIXUQIU,ZHONGDIANYANJIU PFC AC/DC BIANHUANQI,BAOHANXITONGZHUDIANLUHEKONGZHIDIANLUSHEJI,BINGZAISHANGSHUYANJIUDEJICHUSHANG,KAIZHANXITONGFANGZHENHESHIYANCESHIYANZHENGYANJIU,DIANLUTUJIANTU2。



                    图2 Boost PFC AC/DC 变换器电路原理图

                    1 Boost PFC AC/DC 变换器

                    BENWENZHENDUIGONGLVWEI2 kW DECHEZAICHONGDIANQIPFC AC/DC BIANHUANQI,CAIYONGJIYU BoostTUOPU DEZHUDIANLUJIEGOU,YIJILIANXUMOSHIXIADEPINGJUNDIANLIUKONGZHIKONGZHICELVE。ZHUDIANLUYOUZHENGLIUDIANLUHEBoostSHENGYADIANLUGOUCHENG;KONGZHIDIANLUCAIYONGDIANLIUNEIHUAN、DIANYAWAIHUANDESHUANGBIHUANKONGZHIFANGSHI,YUANLIKUANGTUJIANTU3 。


                    TU3 ZHUDIANLUHEKONGZHIDIANLUYUANLIKUANGTU


                    2 PFC AC/DC 变换器主电路设计

                    PFC AC/DC 变换器主电路由输出滤波电容、开关器件、升压电感等器件构成, 其参数设计如下。

                    快乐赛车网-快乐赛车网址多少 2.1 SHUCHULVBODIANRONG

                    SHUCHULVBODIANRONGKELVCHUYOUKAIGUANDONGZUOZAOCHENGDESHUCHUDIANYAWENBO,TONGSHINENGGOUWEICHISHUCHUDIANYAZAIYIDINGFANWEINEI,XUANQUDEQIJIANXUJIAOHAODISHIXIANYISHANGLIANGGEGONGNENG。

                    快乐赛车网-快乐赛车网址多少 2.1.1 KAOLVSHUCHUWENBODIANYA


                    快乐赛车网-快乐赛车网址多少 SHIZHONG:CoWEISHUCHULVBODIANRONG,PoutWEIZHUDIANLUSHUCHUGONGLV,finWEIDIANWANGSHURUDIANYAPINLV,△VoutWEIZHUDIANLUSHUCHUWENBODIANYAFENGFENGZHI,VoutWEIZHUDIANLUSHUCHUDIANYA。

                    2.1.2 KAOLVDIANYAWEICHISHIJIAN



                    快乐赛车网-快乐赛车网址多少 SHIZHONG:△t WEIZHUDIANLUSHUCHUDIANYAYOUVoutJIANGDAOVout(min)DESHIJIAN。

                    JUJISUANJIEGUO,XUANQU3 GE220 μF/400 V、1 GE330 μF/400 V DIANJIEDIANRONGBINGLIAN。

                    2.2 KAIGUANQIJIAN

                    快乐赛车网-快乐赛车网址多少 GONGLVGUANKAIGUANQIJIANDEXUANZEZHUYAOKAOLVYIXIACANSHU:NAIYAZHI、TONGTAIDIANLIUZHIYIJIGONGLVGUANKAIGUANPINLV。ZAIGAOKAIGUANPINLVCHANGHE,CHANGXUANQUMOS GUAN,DANDANGEMOS GUANTONGTAIDIANLIUJIAOXIAO,WEILEZENGJIATONGLIUNENGLI,BENXITONGXUANYONGLIANGGEMOS GUANBINGLIAN。XUANQUQIJIANSHI,LIUGUOMOS GUANDIANLIUQU2 BEIYULIANG,MOS GUANLIANGDUANDIANYAQU1.2 BEIYULIANG。WEILEZENGJIATONGLIUNENGLI,XUANQULIANGZHIIPA60R165CP(650 V,21 A) BINGLIAN。

                    2.3 SHENGYADIANGAN

                    SHENGYADIANGANDESHEJISILUWEI:SHOUXIANJISUANDIANGANLIANG,RANHOUXUANZEHESHIDECIXINCAILIAO,ZUIHOUJIEHECILUBAOHEDUIDIANGANLIANGDEYINGXIANG,XUANQUHESHIDEDIANGANLIANGJICAILIAO。

                    DIANGANLIANGDEJISUANGONGSHIWEI:



                    快乐赛车网-快乐赛车网址多少 SHIZHONG:VinWEIZHUDIANLUSHURUDIANYA,f WEIKAIGUANPINLV,LminWEIDIANGANLIANGZUIXIAOZHI,△IlmaxWEIDIANGANDIANLIUWENBOZUIDAZHI。SHENGYADIANGANZUIXIAOQUZHISUIZHIQUEDING,WEI108 μH。

                    快乐赛车网-快乐赛车网址多少 QUEDINGDIANGANLIANGHOU,XUXUANQUHESHIDECIXINCAILIAO。APFC DIANLUDESHENGYADIANGANCIXINCAILIAOYOU:CIFENXIN、TIEYANGTICIXINHEYOUXIFEIJING/WEIJINGHEJINCIXINDENG。ZONGHEFENXI,KAOLVTIEGUILVCIFENXINDECITONGMIDU(BS )GAO、TIJIXIAOQIEBUYONGKAIQIXIDEYOUDIAN,XUANZETIEGUILVCIFENXINZUOWEICIXINCAILIAO。

                    快乐赛车网-快乐赛车网址多少 DANGZHUDIANLUDIANLIUHENDASHI,DIANGANHUICHUXIANZHILIUPIANZHI,DAOZHICILUBAOHE。DIANLIUYUEDA,CILUBAOHECHENGDUYUEDA。GUXUANZEDIANGANCIXINSHI,XUKAOLVCILUBAOHEDEWENTI。ZONGHEKAOLV,XUANQUXINGHAOWEIKS184060A DETIEGUILVCIXIN60ZA,DANGCILUBAOHECHENGDUZUIDASHI,DIANGANLIANGRENGWEI110 μH,LVEDAYU108 μH。

                    3 PFC AC/DC 变换器控制电路设计

                    快乐赛车网-快乐赛车网址多少 KONGZHIDIANLUCAIYONGSHUANGBIHUANJIEGOU:WAIHUANWEIDIANYAHUAN,NEIHUANWEIDIANLIUHUAN,DIANLIUHUANKONGZHIZHUDIANLUSHURUDIANLIUGENZONGCANKAODIANLIU,SHIXIANGONGLVYINSHUXIAOZHENG。DIANYAHUANDESHUCHUDIANYAYUSHUCHUCANKAODIANYAJINGDIANYAWUCHAFANGDAQIBIJIAOHOUDESHUCHUXINHAOYUQIANKUIDIANYAHESHURUDIANYAJINGGUOCHENGFAQIYUNSUAN,DEDAODIANLIUHUANDESHURUCANKAODIANLIU。TONGGUODIANLIUHUANDEDIAOJIE,CHANSHENGZHUDIANLUKAIGUANGUANTONGDUANDEQUDONGXINHAO,SHIXIANXITONGGONGLVYINSHUXIAOZHENGQIESHUCHUWENDINGDEZHILIUDIANYA。CHENGFAQIDEZUOYONGZHUYAOWEIXINHAOXIANGCHENG,CICHU,BENWENZHONGDIANYANJIUDIANYAHUANHEDIANLIUHUANDESHEJI。

                    3.1 DIANYAHUANSHEJI

                    DIANYAHUANDEZUOYONGZHIYISHIJIANGSHUCHUDIANYADEBIANHUAFANKUIJIDIANLIUHUAN;ZUOYONGZHIERSHIJIANGERCIXIEBODIANYASHUAIJIANDAOZHIDINGSHUIPING,YIJIANGDISHURUDIANLIUDEJIBIAN。LINGWAI,YOUYUSHUCHUDIANRONGDECHONG、FANGDIAN,SHUCHUWENBODIANYAZHIHOUSHURUDIANYA,GUDIANYAHUANDESHEJISHANGXUJIANGUKAOLVYOUZUGOUDEXIANGYI,YIBAOZHENGSHUCHUDIANYAWENBOYUSHURUDIANYATONGXIANGWEI。ZONGSHANGKEZHI,XUSHEZHIHELIDEBUCHANGDIANLU,SHIDEDIANYAHUANNENGGOUMANZUSHANGSHUTIAOJIAN。

                    快乐赛车网-快乐赛车网址多少 WUBUCHANGSHI, DIANYAHUANKAIHUANCHUANDIHANSHUBIAODASHIWEI:



                    快乐赛车网-快乐赛车网址多少 SHIZHONG:PinWEISHURUGONGLV,△V WEIDIANYAWUCHAFANGDAQISHUCHUDIANYAFANWEI。DIANYAKAIHUANCHUANDIHANSHUDEBODETURUTU4 ZHONGH QUXIANSUOSHI,ERCIXIEBODEBUDAOSHUAIJIAN,DAOZHISHURUDIANLIUJIBIANBIANDA,GUXUSHEZHIYIGEJIDIAN,SHIWENBODIANYADEDAOJIAOHAODESHUAIJIAN,TONGSHIJIANGWENBODIANYACHAOQIANYIXIANG90°。

                    快乐赛车网-快乐赛车网址多少 SHEJIDEBUCHANGDIANLUCHUANDIHANSHUWEI:


                    ZONGHEKAOLV,PEIZHIJIDIANPINLVDENGYUCHUANYUEPINLV。CISHI,XIANGWEIYUDUWEI45°,XITONGWENDINGXINGJIAOHAO, QIEERCIXIEBODEDAOLEJIAODADESHUAIJIAN。JIARUBUCHANGHOUDEDIANYAHUANCHUANDIHANSHUDEBODETURUTU4ZHONGN QUXIANSUOSHI,ERCIXIEBOHUODELEJIAODADESHUAIJIAN,QIEWENBODIANYACHAOQIANXIANGYI90°。


                    TU4 BUCHANGQIAN、HOUDEDIANYAHUANCHUANDIHANSHUDEBODETU

                    3.2 DIANLIUHUANSHEJI

                    快乐赛车网-快乐赛车网址多少 DIANLIUHUANDEZUOYONGSHIDIAOJIEZHUDIANLUSHURUDIANLIU,SHIZHIGENZONGZHUDIANLUSHURUDIANYA,SHIXIANGAOPF KONGZHI。DIANLIUHUANDESHEJISILUSHITONGGUOBUCHANGDIANLUDEHELISHEJI,ZENGJIAQIXIANGYINGSUDU,TONGSHIQUEBAOXITONGDEWENDINGYUNXING。

                    WUBUCHANGDIANLUSHI,DIANLIUHUANYOUPWM BIJIAOQIHEGONGLVJIZUCHENG,KAIHUANCHUANDIHANSHUBIAODASHIWEI:


                    DIANLIUKAIHUANCHUANDIHANSHUDEBODETURUTU5 ZHONGH QUXIANSUOSHI,DIANLIUHUANDAIKUANHENZHAI,QIEGAOPINZAOSHENGDEBUDAOHENHAODEYIZHI。WEICI,TONGGUODIPINCHUSHEZHILINGDIAN,TIGAODIPINZENGYI,ZENGJIADAIKUAN;TONGSHI,ZAIGAOPINCHUSHEZHIJIDIAN,YIZHIKAIGUANZAOYIN。SHEJIDEBUCHANGDIANLUKAIHUANCHUANDIHANSHUWEI:

                    WEICI,XUANQUHESHIDEJIEZHIPINLV,SHEDINGLINGDIANPINLVYIJIJIDIANPINLV,SHIXITONGDEXIANGWEIYUDUZAI45°YISHANG,TONGSHIJIANGUSHIDIANLIUHUANMANZUGAOZENGYIHEDADAIKUANSHEJIXUQIU。SHEDINGJIEZHIPINLVWEI6.65 kHz ,LINGDIANPINLVWEI4.5 kHz ,JIDIANPINLVWEI46 kHz ,XIANGWEIYUDUWEI48°,JIARUBUCHANGDIANLUHOUDIANLIUHUANCHUANDIHANSHUDEBODETURUTU5 ZHONGN QUXIANSUOSHI,JIARUBUCHANGHOUDEDIANLIUHUANZAIDIPINCHU,XITONGDAIKUANJIAODA;ZAIGAOPINCHU,KAIGUANZAOSHENGHUODELEJIAOHAODESHUAIJIAN;CIWAI,XITONGXIANGWEIYUDUCHAOGUO45°,NENGGOUSHIXIANXITONGDEWENDINGYUNXING。

                    TU5 BUCHANGQIAN、HOUDIANLIUHUANCHUANDIHANSHUDEBODETU

                     4[摘要提示]

                    XITONGFANGZHENHESHIYANCESHIJIYUSaber FANGZHENRUANJIANDUIXITONGJINXINGFANGZHENYANJIU,Boost PFC AC/DC BIANHUANQIZHUYAOCANSHUWEI:DIANGANL=500 μH,SHUCHUDIANRONGCo=990 μH,KAIGUANPINLVfs=133 kHz ,DIANWANGPINLVfin=50 Hz ,R16=510 kΩ,R17=10 kΩ,R4=160 Ω,R5=0.01 Ω,QITACANSHUTONGGUOQIANSHUDESHEJILIUCHENGHUODE。ZAISHURUDIANYAYOUXIAOZHIWEI140 VHE220 V SHI,FENBIEDUIXITONGFANGZHENHESHIYANCESHI

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